At night, I turn on the light when I go home. As far as home art is concerned, any beautiful and elegant room and design is dim without light. With light, the art and beauty of interior decoration can be expressed according to the normal needs of life. Therefore, interior lighting design is also an art.
Indoor lighting mainly includes natural light source and artificial light source.
Natural light source: natural light is composed of direct sunlight on the ground and sky light. Natural lighting has the advantages of saving energy, being close to nature, and making people feel more comfortable and accustomed visually and psychologically.
From the point of view of design, the size and layout of lighting parts and lighting openings will affect the effect of indoor lighting. The lighting part is generally divided into three forms: side light, high metering light and top light.
Artificial light source: fixed lamp
Pendant lamp, ceiling lamp, spotlight, wall lamp, inlaid lamp, luminous ceiling
Movable lamps mainly refer to table lamps and floor lamps, which are generally used for local lighting. Mobile lamps have strong flexibility and can meet the lighting requirements of various space environments.
Principles of interior lighting design
Functional principle: the lighting design shall meet the use requirements of indoor light environment, select appropriate light sources, lamps and arrangements for different functional spaces, meet the illumination requirements of the space, and improve the light environment quality of the space.
Illuminance: indicates that the luminous flux received per unit area becomes illuminance.
Luminous flux: refers to the energy radiated from the light source to the surrounding space in unit time and makes human eyes feel light, which is called luminous flux. Luminous flux mainly represents the intensity of light emitted by the light source or emitter, while illuminance is used to represent the intensity of light received on the illuminated surface, and is an optical quantity that describes the degree of illumination on the illuminated (working surface).
Artistic principle: lighting facilities have the function of decorating space and setting off atmosphere. Lighting design should coordinate with interior design as much as possible to meet the requirements of interior decoration lighting, so as to reflect the artistic effect of light and space.